If you’re looking for a brief (650ish words) summary on a topic in history you’re in the right place! You can find reading passages for U.S. History and World History topics and can download a PDF copy for yourself. If you need a digital copy there is a Google link provided as well.
This is an ongoing project, so stop back frequently and see what we’ve added. When I say “we” I mean my brother and I. I have been teaching social studies for 19 years and my brother, Joe, is an historian. Between the 2 of us we create these reading passages.
TO SEE ALL THE AVAILABLE U.S. HISTORY READING PASSAGES CLICK HERE
If you’re interested in some close read lesson ideas for teaching with this resource this article will help .
THE PRESIDENCY OF BARACK OBAMA
Barack Obama was elected as the first African-American president in 2008 with a fully Democratic Congress. However, great divisions still were in place.
Democratic control of Congress and the presidency helped some major policies to pass. First off, the ongoing financial disaster was addressed, including by use of a stimulus package to help reboot the economy. Dodd-Frank overhauled financial regulation, including the creation of a Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the CFRB first proposed by then Professor Elizabeth Warren. This did not satisfy many that wanted a stronger national response to financial wrongdoing and the power of financial power brokers.
President Obama is probably best known for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA; often nicknamed “Obamacare”) passed in 2010. The law expanded healthcare coverage in various ways, including protecting those with pre-existing conditions that often led to denial of insurance and expanded government funded health insurance (Medicaid) to the poor. Many opposed it as too much regulation by the federal government and/or as unproductive as a whole, but major constitutional attacks mostly failed. The law continues to be a major dispute between the two major parties.
President Obama was also a big supporter of gay and lesbian rights. The “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy in the U.S. military was overturned by Congress, allowing open service in the military. Obama also supported the effort in the federal courts to protect gay and lesbians from discrimination, including supporting a constitutional right to same sex marriage. The Supreme Court declared in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) that same sex marriage is a constitutional right. There was a strong dissent in that case, reflecting the belief of many that “marriage” is only a matter between a man and a woman. Obama also supported the rights of trans individuals, which also led to controversy.
After controversy arising from what was seen as President Bush’s unilateral, American focused foreign policy, President Obama supported a more multinational approach. This included efforts to obtain agreements with Cuba and Iran as well as support of international efforts to fight climate change. Obama also supported international trade agreements including the Transpacific Partnership. He continued support of fighting in Afghanistan and his administration had his own controversies including its use of “drone strikes” (unmanned bombs) against people deemed “enemy combatants.” During his presidency, the military also killed Osama Bin Laden.
A series of mass shootings, especially those that occurred in schools, have in some fashion gone back to the 1990s (for example, Columbine in 1999). This has led to a push for major gun control legislation, but support of gun rights is strong enough that only limited efforts were passed at the national level. President Obama repeatedly made passionate speeches after shootings and supported new gun regulations.
The Supreme Court in a pair of cases in 2008 and 2010 (both by 5-4 rulings) held that there is a constitutional right to own a gun. This underlines how control of the courts is an important matter and has led to major political battles in recent years. Obama nominated three justices (Sotomayor, Kagan and Garland), but a change in control of the Senate led the last pick, with potential to change control of the Supreme Court, to be denied a hearing. This was a major acceleration of the “battle for the courts.”
President Obama promoted a message of unity in part since the nation was so divided, including by “blue” (Democratic”) and “red” (Republican) states. Race, a matter of controversy since our founding, continued to be a major matter of conflict. Multiple shootings of young black men particularly led to controversy. A movement, Black Lives Matter, arose to oppose unfair treatment by police. A black president did not solve such things, Obama himself targeted by “birthers,” who questioned his very citizenship.
Political and racial divides would help make the 2016 elections a nasty one.
If you’re looking for some lesson ideas to do with this reading passage I created a video you can watch here.