Exam: Communist China (with Download)

globe with China focus main exam

This test consists of 20 multiple-choice questions and an essay prompt. It covers the Communist Revolution and the leadership of Mao Zedong.

Suggested grading: 3 points each for the multiple-choice and 40 points for the essay.

For a PDF download scroll to the bottom of the exam. There’s also a link to a Google Forms link as well. An answer key is included

Contents show

Communist China Exam

1. In the Chinese Civil War (1945-1949), support for Mao Zedong’s Communist forces came primarily from the  

1. peasants   

2. landowners

3. Industrialists   

4. Confucian scholars

2. An immediate result of the Cultural Revolution in China was that it

1. helped to establish representative government in China.
2. led to economic alliances with Japan and South Korea.
3. disrupted China’s economic and educational systems.
4. strengthened political ties with the United States

3. A major cause of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in June 1989 was the

1. influence of Western ideas on university students.     

2. teachings of Confucius.
3. memories of the Japanese invasion of China.  

4. Chinese tradition of youthful rebellion

 4. A major reason for the success of the Communist revolution in China was that the Communists    

1. stressed Buddhism in their military training.
2. held onto important Chinese traditions.
3. promised land and power to the peasant class.
4. fought successfully against the United States during World War II.

5. Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward was implemented to improve China’s

1. industrial production.  

2. environment.

3. military leadership.

4. communication systems.

6. In China, the rise of communism resulted in

1. many social and political changes.   

2. a Western-style democratic government.
3. the weakening of the military.          

4. an increase in religious freedom.

7. One similarity between the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Chinese Revolution of 1949 is that

1. brought communist governments to power.
2. led to economic superpowers.
3. were fought to free religious minorities.
4. failed to overthrow existing governments.

8. In China, the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution promoted by Mao Zedong were similar in that both plans

1. ended dynastic rule.

2. disrupted industrial development.

3. encouraged capitalism.
4. guaranteed human rights.

9. One similarity between Stalin’s five-year plans and Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward was that both programs attempted to

1. increase industrial production        

2. correct environmental pollution
3.  privatize the ownership of land      

4. strengthen international trade

Base your answers to questions 10 and 11 on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies

10 In which time period of Western history did thinkers first express these ideas in written form?


2. Enlightenment
3. Scientific Revolution      

4. Reformation

11 Which pair of 20th-century leaders most clearly violated these principles?

1.Ronald Reagan and Angela Merkel         

2. Shah Pahlavi and Mohammed Gandhi
3. Pedro Sanchez and Margaret Thatcher

4. Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping

Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies

12 Which statement below is an opinion?

1.     Tibet is located in the western portion of China
2.     Wuhaun is not the capital of China.
3.     The East China Sea is at 30 degree of latitude.
4.     Beijing enjoys a better climate than Shanghai.

13. Which conclusion is best supported by the map?

1.     The Gobi Desert is located in southern China.
2.     Many mineral resources are located along the East China Sea.
3.     The least populated areas in China are found in the north and west.
4.     Beijing is one of China’s busiest seaports.

14. Which development took place in China under Mao Zedong?

1.     The family became the dominant force in society.
2.     The Four Modernizations became the basis for economic reform.
3.     The people adopted the practice of ancestor worship.
4.     Communist teachings became required learning in all schools and

15.  In China and other communist countries, the governments discouraged organized religion because religions

1.     compete for the loyalties of the people  

2.     favor anarchy rather than an organized government

3.     support the principles of laissez-faire    

4.     stress economic rather than political values

16.  The main reason the Chinese Communists gained control of mainland China in 1949 was that

1. they were supported by many warlords and upper-class Chinese

2.the United States had supported the Chinese Communist Party

3.the dynamic leadership of Mao Zedong had the support of the peasant class

4.they had superior financial resources and were supported by Japan

17. Which type of economic system was used by both Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong to improve the economic growth of their respective nations?

1.    mixed

2.    command

3.    market

4.    traditional

18. Since the late 1970s, which measure has the Chinese government taken to reduce the effects of overpopulation?

1.    supported a policy of forced migration to other nations

2.     reduced food production

3.     emphasized the teachings of Confucius

4.     imposed a one-child policy that limits family size

19. Which development took place in China under Mao Zedong?

1.    The family became the dominant force in society.

2.    The Four Modernizations became the basis for economic reform.

3.    The people adopted the practice of ancestor worship.

4.    Communist teachings became required learning in all schools and universities.

20. What is the correct chronological order for this set of events in Chinese history?

1.    Communist Revolution

2.   Tiananmen Square Massacre

3.    Implementation of the four modernizations

4.    Opium Wars

1. 1, 3, 4, 2

2. 4, 1, 3, 2

3. 1, 2, 3, 4

4. 4, 3, 2, 1


Cold War

World War 1

Civil War

Westward Expansion

The U.S. Constitution

Early River Valley Civilizations

= = = = = = = = = =

Teach and Thrive

A Bronx, NY veteran high school social studies teacher who has learned most of what she has learned through trial and error and error and error.... and wants to save others that pain.

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