Ancient Greece Exam: 20 Multiple Choice Questions & 2 Documents

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Below is a test for secondary students about ancient Greece. It includes 20 multiple-choice questions and 4 document-based questions about the empire of Alexander the Great and an excerpt of Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

Click on the button below to access an editable Google copy for your class.

Contents show


1. What was the name of the highest mountain in Greece?

A. Mount Everest

B. Mount Kilimanjaro

C. Mount Olympus

D. Mount Fuji

2. What was the capital city of ancient Greece?

A. Rome

B. Athens

C. London

D. Paris

3. Which famous building in Athens was dedicated to the goddess Athena?

A. The Parthenon

B. The Colosseum

C. The Eiffel Tower

D. The Great Wall of China

4. Which of the following was NOT a Spartan virtue?

A. Bravery

B. Loyalty

C. Intelligence

D. Discipline

5. Who was the leader of Athens during its golden age in the 5th century BCE?

A. Socrates

B. Aristotle

C. Plato

D. Pericles

6. Which ancient Greek philosopher is known for his method of questioning and his famous statement, “I know that I know nothing”?

A. Socrates

B. Aristotle

C. Plato

D. Hippocrates

7. What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War?

A. A disagreement between Athens and Sparta over territory

B. A disagreement between Greece and Persia over resources

C. A disagreement between Athens and Macedonia over power

D. A disagreement between Sparta and Persia over trade

8. Who was the famous conqueror who spread Greek culture throughout the ancient world?

A. Julius Caesar

B. Alexander the Great

C. Napoleon Bonaparte

D. Genghis Khan

9. Which ancient Greek city-state was known for its militaristic society and strict social hierarchy?

A. Athens

B. Sparta

C. Thebes

D. Corinth

10. Which ancient Greek mathematician is known for his theorem about right triangles?

A. Pythagoras

B. Archimedes

C. Euclid

D. Thales

11. What was the name of the famous temple complex in Olympia where the ancient Olympic Games were held?

A. The Parthenon

B. The Colosseum

C. The Pantheon

D. The Altis

12. What was the name of the famous general who led the Athenian army during the Peloponnesian War?

A. Alexander the Great

B. Pericles

C. Themistocles

D. Alcibiades

13. Which of the following is a major geographical feature of Greece? 

A. The Nile River 

B. The Himalayan Mountains 

C. The Aegean Sea 

D. The Amazon River

14. Which of the following was not an important city-state in ancient Greece? A. Athens

B. Sparta 

C. Rome 

D. Thebes

15. Which of the following was a major advantage of Athens over the other city-states? 

A. Its powerful army 

B. Its strong navy 

C. Its wealthy aristocracy 

D. Its large population of slaves

16. What was the name of the famous philosopher who taught in Athens and was sentenced to death for corrupting the youth? A. Socrates 

B. Plato 

C. Aristotle 

D. Epicurus

17. Which of the following was not an important achievement of ancient Greece? 

A. The invention of democracy 

B. The development of philosophy 

C. The creation of the Olympic Games 

D. The discovery of electricity

18. What was the name of the famous king of Macedon who conquered much of the known world? 

A. Julius Caesar 

B. Alexander the Great 

C. Napoleon Bonaparte 

D. Genghis Khan

19. Which of the following was a major cause of the Peloponnesian War? 

A. The rise of democracy in Athens 

B. The rivalry between Sparta and Athens 

C. The invasion of Persia 

D. The spread of Christianity

20. Which of the following was not a major achievement of ancient Greek art and architecture? 

A. The Parthenon temple in Athens 

B. The statue of Zeus at Olympia 

C. The Mona Lisa painting in Florence

D. The Discobolus sculpture

Using geographic terms (locations, directions, etc) describe the extent of Alexander the Great’s empire.

Identify 3 locations where battles took place.

According to Pericles, what is one characteristic of a democratic society?

Describe Pericles’ point of view of Athenian society.

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